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The Herd

An Arab Horse of Najd.
The worldwide Heirloom herd today contains less than 900 horses. A traditional way of characterizing the horses is through matriarchal lineages known as strains. The living Heirloom herd perpetuates five distinct strains, or families traced through the tail female lineage to specific taproot mares.
  • The Dahman Shahwan strain descends from a mare named El Dahma who produced in the stud of the Egyptian breeder Ali Pasha Sherif in the 1880s. There are approximately 300 mares of this strain in the Heirloom herd today.

  • The Hadban Enzahi strain traces back to Venus, a mare bred by the Yunis clan of the Shammar tribe and acquired circa 1893 by the ruler of Egypt, the Khedive Abbas Pasha Hilmi II. There are less than a dozen living mares in this endangered family.

  • The Saqlawi Jedran strain has three branches surviving in Heirloom bloodstock. The Ibn Sudan branch of the family extends from the desertbred mare Ghazieh, exported to Egypt for Viceroy Abbas Pasha I circa 1850. Nearly 150 living mares belong to Ghazieh's lineage.

  • A second branch of the Saqlawi Jedran extends from Roja (Roga el Beda), an Ali Pasha Sherif mare producing in the stud of Prince Ahmed Pasha Kemal of Egypt in the 1880s. Research continues to try to determine if this mare is a member of the Ibn Sudan or the Samni, or perhaps another one of the Saqlawi strains collected by Viceroy Abbas Pasha I. There are nearly 100 mares representing this family today.

  • The third branch of the Saqlawi Jedran strain in Heirloom today originated with the Ibn Ed-Derri clan of the Sebaa Anazeh tribe. There are fewer than 50 living mares of the Saqlawi Jedran Ibn Ed-Derri strain and all descend from Basilisk, a mare exported from the desert for Lady Anne and Wilfrid Blunt in 1878.

Ra'adin Inshalla

*Bint Moniet El Nefous


Heirloom Egyptian Arabian Horses, 1840-2000 contains many special studies of the herd, all aimed at providing breeders with critical information that will enable them to better understand lineages, locate bloodstock, determine breeding options, and plan for the future of the Heirloom herd.

An overview of the herd is available in the
following excerpts from the Herdbook:

The Foundation Horses of Heirloom (pdf)

Horizon Horses (pdf)

Heirloom Watch

Vision for the Future



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